Forest use and vertical stratification in fruit-feeding butterflies of Sulawesi, Indonesia: impacts for conservation
Source: Biodiversity and Conservation, Volume 14, Number 2, February 2005 , pp. 333-350(18)
Abstract:Protected forest areas of Sulawesi are gradually being replaced by intensively used agroforestry systems and farmland, especially in lowland and sub-montane regions. Studies on the impact of these man-induced changes on biodiversity are of urgent conservation concern. We compared the fruit-feeding butterfly assemblage of a natural hill forest to that of a disturbed hill forest, representing a mosaic of old secondary forest and recently abandoned or active subsistence farms. Overall, species richness seemed highest in the disturbed site, but both abundance and diversity of endemic butterflies were significantly higher in the natural forest. Although the butterfly assemblage showed a clear vertical structure in the natural forest, vertical stratification was no longer pronounced at the disturbed site. Comparative studies based on diversity estimates from ground samples should consider not only the scale at which sampling is carried out and influences from nearby habitat patches in the surrounding landscape mosaic, but also possible behavioural changes in stratified species after forest modification. This study shows that higher overall species richness does not imply higher species distinctiveness, and indicates that the contribution of land-use systems to global biodiversity should be evaluated with caution, even when relatively high species richness estimates are found.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Centre for Nature Conservation (Department I), University of Göttingen, Von-Siebold-Straße 2, D-37075, Göttingen, Germany, Email: email@example.com 2: Centre for Nature Conservation (Department I), University of Göttingen, Von-Siebold-Straße 2, D-37075, Göttingen, Germany, 3: Department of Entomology, The Natural History Museum, Biogeography and Conservation Laboratory, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, UK,
Publication date: February 1, 2005