Initial effects of a petroleum operation on Amazonian birds: terrestrial insectivores retreat
Authors: Canaday, C.; Rivadeneyra, J.
Source: Biodiversity and Conservation, Volume 10, Number 4, April 2001 , pp. 567-595(29)
Abstract:Impacts of petroleum activities on birds in the Amazonian forest of Yasuní National Park and the Huaorani Territory, Ecuador, were evaluated using data from 32 standardized 1-day surveys of twenty one 2-ha sites, spread out over 90 km, located at four different distances (0, 0.5, 1.5, and 4.5 km) into floristically diverse, primary, terra firme forest (240–320 m elev.), except one that was in 6-year-old secondary forest. Width of deforestation for roads was ≤25 m. The 263 species, identified via sight, sound, and mist-netting (4 nets) between 5:45 and 13:30 on days without heavy or constant rain, were grouped into 14 foraging guilds. Discriminant Function Analysis achieved complete separation of the 10 surveys adjacent to roads from the 22 surveys > 0.3 km into the forest, based on species richness per guild. Terrestrial insectivores contributed by far the most (76%) to this separation, and were the only guild to show a significant difference in the average number of species registered between the 6-edge sites and the 15 interior sites (Mann–Whitney U = 4, P = 0.001). Machinery noise seems to particularly affect this guild.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: Consejo Ecuatoriano para la Conservación e Investigación de las Aves (CECIA), Quito, Ecuador
Publication date: April 2001