Identification of Amylase Inhibitor Deficient Mutants in Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millisp.)
Source: Biochemical Genetics, Volume 42, Numbers 5-6, June 2004 , pp. 165-180(16)
Abstract:We have developed and analyzed several mutant lines (M6 generation) of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.) for the content of defensive proteins and antinutritional factors. Inhibitors of proteinase and of amylase, lectins, and raffinose family oligosaccharides were analyzed in mature seeds of different pigeonpea accessions (untreated) and compared with mutant lines. Proteinase inhibitor profiles were similar in terms of number and intensities of activity bands but they differ marginally in the activity units in pigeonpea accessions and mutants. Pigeonpea mutants showed significant differences in amylase inhibitor profiles as well as activity units from those of pigeonpea accessions. Interestingly, two mutants (A6-5-1 and A7-3-2) were identified to have absence of amylase inhibitor isoforms. Hemagglutinating activity and raffinose family oligosaccharides content were found to be significantly higher in mutants than in accessions. It is evident from the results that proteinase inhibitors of pigeonpea are stable while amylase inhibitors, lectins, and raffinose family oligosaccharides show altered expression upon mutagen treatments. These mutants will be ideal candidates for further evaluation.
Document Type: Research article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Biochemistry, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University, Aurangabad 431 001 (M. S.), India 2: Plant Molecular Biology Unit, Division of Biochemical Sciences, National Chemical Laboratory, Pune 411 008 (M. S.), India;, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date: 2004-06-01