Examination of Ethanol Responsive Liver and Brain Specific Gene Expression, in the Mouse Strains with Variable Ethanol Preferences, Using cDNA Expression Arrays
Source: Biochemical Genetics, Volume 40, Numbers 11-12, December 2002 , pp. 395-410(16)
Abstract:Strains of mice that differ in voluntary alcohol consumption (VAC) are valuable models for the identification of genes involved in the complex etiology of alcohol effects and alcoholism. These mice offer a novel approach to the identification of strain-specific ethanol responsive (SSER) genes in tissues directly involved in alcohol metabolism and preference. We assessed mRNA from the liver and brain from male mice representing C57BL/6J, BALB/c, A/J, and DBA/2J strains following ethanol treatment (chronic ethanol fed liquid diet for 14 days or acute i.p. injection at two doses; 4 g/kg or 8 g/kg), using an expression array containing 588 genes (Clontech #7741–1). The results have identified NADPH cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase, insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1, glutathione S-transferase Mu 1, and cathepsin L as ethanol responsive genes in the liver. Further, we have established that IkB-α and clusterin genes in the brain are ethanol responsive, but only at the lower dose of the ethanol challenge. Although a number of other genes showing subtle (<2X) differences across strains and treatment combinations were reproducible in repeated blots, they were not confirmed by still evolving independent technologies of gene specific mRNA quantitation. The results demonstrate that comparative expression studies are an efficient approach to discover interacting gene networks that underlie the etiology of complex phenotypes including response to alcohols.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Zoology and Division of Medical Genetics, Molecular Genetics Unit, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada N6A 5B7 2: Department of Zoology and Division of Medical Genetics, Molecular Genetics Unit, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada N6A 5B7; firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date: December 1, 2002