Measuring proper motions of isolated neutron stars with Chandra: Constraints on the nature and origin of the ROSAT discovered isolated neutron stars
Authors: Motch, Christian; Pires, Adriana; Haberl, Frank; Schwope, Axel
Source: Astrophysics and Space Science, Volume 308, Numbers 1-4, April 2007 , pp. 217-224(8)
Abstract:The excellent spatial resolution of the Chandra observatory offers the unprecedented possibility to measure proper motions at X-ray wavelength with relatively high accuracy using as reference the background of extragalactic or remote galactic X-ray sources. We took advantage of this capability to constrain the proper motion of RX J0806.4-4123 and RX J0420.0-5022, two X-ray bright and radio quiet isolated neutron stars (INSs) discovered by ROSAT and lacking an optical counterpart. In this paper, we present results from a preliminary analysis from which we derive 2 upper limits of 76 mas/yr and 138 mas/yr on the proper motions of RX J0806.4-4123 and RX J0420.0-5022 respectively. We use these values together with those of other ROSAT discovered INSs to constrain the origin, distance and evolutionary status of this particular group of objects. We find that the tangential velocities of radio quiet ROSAT neutron stars are probably consistent with those of ‘normal’ pulsars. Their distribution on the sky and, for those having accurate proper motion vectors, their possible birth places, all point to a local population, probably created in the part of the Gould Belt nearest to the earth.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date: April 1, 2007