Companions of Post-Common Envelope sdB Binaries: Extreme Horizontal Branch Stars and Related Objects (Guest Editor: P.F.L. Maxted)
Authors: Green, Elizabeth M.1; For, Biqing2; Hyde, Elaina A.2; Seitenzahl, Ivo R.2; Callerame, Keith2; White, Brooke A.2; Young, Corryn N.2; Huff, Christopher S.2; Mills, Jay2; Steinfadt, Justin D.R.2
Source: Astrophysics and Space Science, Volume 291, Number 3, 2004 , pp. 267-274(8)
Abstract:Preliminary results are presented from two ongoing complementary surveys intended to investigate the nature and characteristics of the optically invisible secondaries in post-common envelope subdwarf B (sdB) binary stars. We obtain precise radial velocities to derive periods and minimum companion masses for bright field sdB stars. These data are combined with light curves to search for eclipses, reflection effects, or ellipsoidal variations. We emphasize the importance of using complete unbiased samples, without which it will not be possible to understand the details of the multiple processes that produce these stars.
It remains true that all known secondary companions in short-period sdB binaries are nearly invisible, thus they must be either low mass main sequence (MS) stars or compact objects, e.g., white dwarfs. In our small, nearly-complete sample, white dwarf secondaries outnumber MS secondaries by about a factor of five. Known MS masses in short-period sdB binaries are all surprisingly low, indicating a possible bimodal mass distribution for all MS secondaries in sdB binaries.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2004-01-01