Acceleration of Pick-up Ions at the Solar Wind Termination Shock
Author: Chalov, S.V.
Source: Astrophysics and Space Science, Volume 274, Numbers 1-2, 2000 , pp. 25-33(9)
Abstract:It is generally accepted that pick-up ions act as a seed population for anomalous cosmic rays originating at the solar wind termination shock. We believe that the ion pre-acceleration process operating in the heliosphere up to the termination shock can be very important to inject the ions into the shock acceleration process. The pick-up ions pre-accelerated by solar wind turbulences have already a pronounced high energy tail when they reach the shock. Some fraction of these ions can experience further acceleration up to energies of anomalous cosmic rays by means of shock drift and diffusive acceleration. In the present paper the shock drift acceleration of pick-up ions suffering multiple reflection due to abrupt changes in both the strength and direction of the magnetic field through the shock is considered. The reflection process operates for high velocity particles different from the reflection by the electric cross-shock potential. During the first reflection the mean kinetic energy of pick-up ions increases by approximately a factor of 10. Reflected particles have highly anisotropic velocity distribution. Subsequent excursion of the particles in the turbulent upstream flow leads to diffusion in pitch-angle space and, as a result, the particles can return to the shock again suffering, thus, multiple encounters. In order to describe the motion of particles in the upstream and downstream parts of the flow we solve the Fokker-Plank transport equation for anisotropic velocity distribution function.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: Institute for Problems in Mechanics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Prospect Vernadskogo, 101, 117526 Moscow, Russia; E-mail: email@example.com
Publication date: January 1, 2000