Modeling the forensic two-trace problem with Bayesian networks
Source: Artificial Intelligence and Law, Volume 21, Number 2, May 2013 , pp. 221-252(32)
Abstract:The forensic two-trace problem is a perplexing inference problem introduced by Evett (J Forensic Sci Soc 27:375–381, 1987). Different possible ways of wording the competing pair of propositions (i.e., one proposition advanced by the prosecution and one proposition advanced by the defence) led to different quantifications of the value of the evidence (Meester and Sjerps in Biometrics 59:727–732, 2003). Here, we re-examine this scenario with the aim of clarifying the interrelationships that exist between the different solutions, and in this way, produce a global vision of the problem. We propose to investigate the different expressions for evaluating the value of the evidence by using a graphical approach, i.e. Bayesian networks, to model the rationale behind each of the proposed solutions and the assumptions made on the unknown parameters in this problem.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Institut de Police Scientifique, Ecole des Sciences Criminelles, Université de Lausanne, Quartier Sorge: le Batochime, 1015, Lausanne, Switzerland, Email: email@example.com 2: Institut de Police Scientifique, Ecole des Sciences Criminelles, Université de Lausanne, Quartier Sorge: le Batochime, 1015, Lausanne, Switzerland 3: Dipartimento di Economia, Università Ca’ Foscari di Venezia, San Giobbe, Cannaregio 873, 30121, Venezia, Italy
Publication date: 2013-05-01