ARPO-2: An Expert System for Legal Advice on the Breach of Building Contracts
Source: Artificial Intelligence and Law, Volume 4, Number 2, 1996 , pp. 133-156(24)
Abstract:Although Berman and Hafner [Berman 1989, pp. 928-938] presented the possibility to adapt the model of reasoning of development of an expert system for medical diagnosis to the reasoning of a judge when he/she sentences criminals does not resemble the reasoning found in the decisions of physicians, mathematicians or statisticians.
When a lawyer reasons, he/she not only looks for the solution of a case; he/she simultaneously looks for the bases on which his/her reasoning can rest [Galindo 1992, pp. 363-367]. That is to say, he/she not only needs to find the solution but moreover he/she has to find the references (laws, jurisprudence and bibliography) that allow him/her to argue the solution.
In many cases, computer solutions to these reasoning processes have been made in a separated way; the solution to the cases using expert systems, and the search of documentation using information retrieval systems.
This paper presents the ARPO-2 prototype, a solution integrating the two aspects of legal reasoning; an expert system which is able to simultaneously find the solution to a problem and to give the necessary references so that the lawyer argues the solution. The subject on which the prototype solves problems is the breach of building contracts.
In this paper, we describe the process of development of an expert system for solving, justification and documentation of 'breach of contracts', giving details on the way how the objects that intervene in the case were defined as well as on the reasoning followed.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: 1: Departamento de Inteligencia Artificial, Facultad de Informática, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Campus de Montegancedo, 28660 Boadilla del Monte, Madrid, Spain Tel.: 34-1-3367436; Fax: 34-1-3524819; E-mail: email@example.com 2: Departamento de Métodos Estadísticos, Universidad de Zaragoza, Edificio de Matemáticas, 3a planta, Ciudad Universitaria, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain Tel.: 34-76-761000 Ext. 3249; Fax: 34-76-761115; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date: January 1, 1996