Pulsed Air-jet Actuators for Flow Separation Control
Authors: Warsop, Clyde; Hucker, Martyn; Press, Andrew; Dawson, Paul
Source: Applied Scientific Research, Volume 78, Numbers 3-4, June 2007 , pp. 255-281(27)
Abstract:The design and validation of a microfabricated pulsed air-jet actuator for practical application to flow-separation control at full-scale operating conditions on a medium/large air vehicle is presented. The actuator device is designed to generate streamwise vortices within the boundary layer and comprises a pitched and skewed orifice of 200 m diameter through which a high velocity (200–300 m/s) jet of air can be modulated by operation of a piezoelectric microvalve. This paper describes the overall design and manufacture of the actuator device with particular reference to the impact of fluid dynamic effects on the design and operation. Key results obtained from both static and dynamic tests of a prototype device are also presented and compared with original predictions. It is shown that the device that was developed and tested fulfils all the original design requirements with regard to size, jet velocity and operating frequency. The developed device has dimensions of approximately 5 mm × 2 mm in the plane of the aerodynamic surface in which it is imbedded and a thickness of 1 mm. Peak jet velocities in excess of 300 m/s through a 200 m diameter orifice at 500 Hz have been demonstrated with peak driving voltages of 90 V and a nominal electrical power consumption of 50 mW.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Email: email@example.com
Publication date: 2007-06-01