Evidence for the Utility of the Bm86 Antigen from Boophilus Microplus in Vaccination Against Other Tick Species
Source: Experimental and Applied Acarology, Volume 25, Number 3, 2001 , pp. 245-261(17)
Abstract:The Bm86 antigen, as originally identified in Boophilus microplus, is the basis of commercial tick vaccines against this tick species. The potential for using this antigen or homologues of the antigen in vaccination against other tick species has been assessed. We have conducted vaccine trials in cattle using the B. microplus-derived recombinant Bm86 vaccine (TickGARD™) using pairs of vaccinated calves and control calves. These were infested with B. microplus and Boophilus decoloratus larvae simultaneously. For both species, the numbers of engorged female adult ticks, their weight and egg-laying capacity were all reduced, leading to a reduction in reproductive capacity of 74% for B. microplus and 70% for B. decoloratus. Hyalomma anatolicum anatolicum ticks were fed both as immatures as well as adults on vaccinated calves and non-vaccinated controls. There was an overall 50% reduction in the total weight of nymphs engorging on vaccinated calves, and a suggestion of a subsequent effect on feeding adults. For Hyalomma dromedarii there was a 95% reduction in the number of nymphs engorging and a further 55% reduction in weight of those ticks surviving. Rhipicephalus appendiculatus and Amblyomma variegatum ticks were fed simultaneously both as immatures and subsequently as adults. There was no evidence for a significant vaccination effect. Finally, the amino acid sequence of a Bm86 homologue found in H. a. anatolicum unequivocally demonstrated the conservation of this molecule in this species. Our strategy for the development of multivalent anti-tick vaccines is discussed in relation to these findings.
Keywords: Amblyomma variegatum; Bm86; Boophilus decoloratus; Boophilus microplus; Hyalomma anatolicum anatolicum; Hyalomma dromedarii; Rhipicephalus appendiculatus; TickGARD; cattle; recombinant vaccines; ticks
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: 1: Division of Parasitology and Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, PO Box 80.165, 3508 TD Utrecht, The Netherlands 2: CSIRO Livestock Industries, Molecular Animal Genetics Centre, Gehrmann Laboratories, University of Queensland, St. Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia 3: Author for correspondence: Tel.: + 31 30 2532568; fax: + 31 30 2540784; E-mail: F.Jongejan@vet.uu.nl
Publication date: January 1, 2001