Diversity in attitudes toward farming and patterns of work among farm women: A regional comparison
Source: Agriculture and Human Values, Volume 16, Number 4, December 1999 , pp. 343-354(12)
Abstract:Attention to diversity in women's attitudes toward farming and in women's patterns of farm work activity expands our understanding of the linkage between agrarian structure, regional history, and the behavior and values of individual farm women. We combine several disciplinary and methodological approaches to reveal patterns in work and values in a Southern case and then verify the existence of similar patterns in the Midwest. Two divergent conceptions of women's relationship to farm and marital partnership were found in a Georgia study, the agrarian and the industrial, and we explore how they emerged in the context of the political and economic history of the South. We find these marital models are linked today to different patterns of farm work. We then extend the Georgia analysis to a statewide survey of Ohio farm women, where attitudinal diversity is not as marked, due to the stronger agrarian traditions of the Midwest and its distinct political economy. We find similar patterns, however, in Ohio farm women's work and affirm the validity of Carbert's categorization of Rosenfeld's survey items. Attention to diversity in the work patterns, values, and attitudes of farm women highlights that the term ``traditional'' is a misnomer when applied to Southern women and reinforces the value of multi-disciplinary approaches and regional comparisons.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: 1: Department of Anthropology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; 2: Depts. of Sociology and Geography, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA; 3: Department of Sociology, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA
Publication date: 1999-12-01