Shade effects on forage crops with potential in temperate agroforestry practices
Source: Agroforestry Systems, Volume 44, Number 2, 1 February 1998 , pp. 109-119(11)
Abstract:Thirty forages, including eight introduced cool-season grasses, four native warm-season grasses, one introduced warm- season grass, eight introduced cool-season legumes, five native warm-season legumes, and four introduced warm-season legumes, were grown in 7.6 L (two gallon) pots in full sun, 50%, and 80% shade created by shade cloth over a greenhouse frame. Experiments were conducted during summer--fall 1994, spring--early summer 1995, and summer--fall 1995. A complete randomized experimental design was used and above ground dry weight was measured in each shade environment. Tukey's studentized range test was used to compare mean dry weights (MDW) within a species. Warm-season grasses displayed significant reductions in MDW under shade regardless of growing season. All cool-season forages grown during spring--early summer showed a decrease in MDW under shade; however, the reductions in dry weights of 'Benchmark' and 'Justus' orchardgrass, 'KY 31' tall fescue, Desmodium canescens and D. paniculatum were not significant under 50% shade. Cool-season grasses showed more shade tolerance when grown during the summer--fall than when grown during the spring--early summer. Seven of the selected cool- season grasses grown during the summer--fall did not display significant reductions in MDW under 50% shade as compared to full sun. Smooth bromegrass grown under 50% shade showed a significantly increased MDW production compared to growth in full sun. With the exception of Justus orchardgrass and smooth bromegrass, growth of cool-season grasses was inhibited at 80% shade. Among the legumes harvested during the fall, the dry weights of both Desmodium species tested and hog peanut (Amphicarpaea bracteata L.) increased significantly under 50% and 80% shade. In addition, 'Cody' alfalfa, white clover, slender lespedeza and 'Kobe' lespedeza showed no significant reductions in MDW under 50% shade.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: 1: Department of Forestry, 1--30 Agricultural Building, School of Natural Resources, University of Missouri-Columbia, MO 65211, USA; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org 2: DDepartment of Agronomy, 1--30 Agricultural Building, School of Natural Resources, University of Missouri-Columbia, MO 65211, USA; E-mail: email@example.com
Publication date: February 1, 1998