Effects of Leucaena biomass application in conjunction with fertilizers on cassava and taro yields in the Philippines
Authors: Escalada, Rodolfo; Ratilla, Berta
Source: Agroforestry Systems, Volume 41, Number 3, November 1998 , pp. 251-266(16)
Abstract:With the soaring cost and scarcity at times of inorganic fertilizers in the country, there is a need to find alternatives to inorganic fertilizers by making use of indigenous materials such as leaves of leguminous plants, mudpress, and so enhance growth and development of crops. Application of ‘ipil-ipil’ (Leucaena leucocephala) green manure supplemented with inorganic P and K caused vigorous growth of cassava (Manihot esculenta). Application of ipil-ipil biomass at the rate of 7.23 t ha−1 resulted in high yield and better values of yield components of cassava. However, due to high expenses incurred in hauling, transport and cost of the green manure materials, their use is likely to be more economical and feasible only if ipil-ipil is readily available in the farm. With taro (Colocasia esculenta), combined application of ipil-ipil green manure and inorganic P and K promoted vigorous stand and higher yield of the crop. Significantly larger corms wre formed resulting in higher total corm yields and marketability than the control (untreated) and those treated only with 60–39.6–74.7 kg ha−1 N, P, and K from inorganic fertilizer. Increasing the rate of inorganic N applied to plants (90–36.9–74.7 kg ha−1 N, P, K) during a third cropping, gave comparable yield to treatment involving 7.23 t ha−1 ipil-ipil supplemented with inorganic P and K. Despite the relatively higher gross income obtained from organic and inorganic treatment combinations, slightly lower net income was obtained compared with inorganic fertilizer-applied plants due to higher production expenses incurred with the former treatments.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Agronomy and Soil Science, Visayas State College of Agriculture, Baybay, Leyte, Philippines,
Publication date: November 1998