Solar-Gas Solid Sorption Refrigerator

Authors: Vasiliev, L.L.1; Mishkinis, D.A.2; Antukh, A.A.2; Vasiliev Jr., L.L.2

Source: Adsorption, Volume 7, Number 2, September 2001 , pp. 149-161(13)

Publisher: Springer

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Abstract:

The general goal of this paper is to present the results of an investigation of a new environmentally friendly refrigerator. In this design a physical adsorption and chemical reactions are used simultaneously for a heat and cold generation. A solar refrigerator is made of a solar collector, adsorbed natural gas vessel (ANG), and compact, portable refrigeration system, which consists of two small adsorbers with heat pipe heat recovery system. An active carbon fiber “Busofit” saturated with different salts (CaCl_2, BaCl_2, NiCl_2) is used as a sorbent bed and ammonia is used as a working fluid. The main particularity of this refrigerator is consumption of solar energy with methane gas burner as a back-up. The system management consists only in actuating the special type valves to change the direction of the heating circuit and water valves to change the water cooling circuit. The goal of this work is the experimental determination of the main refrigerator parameters using solar/gas high temperature source of energy and air/water as a low temperature source of energy to cool and heat air/water.

Keywords: adsorption; chemical reactions; heat pipes; heat recovery; solar/gas refrigerator

Document Type: Regular Paper

Affiliations: 1: Luikov Heat & Mass Transfer Institute, P. Brovka, 15, 220072, Minsk, Belarus. lvasil@ns1.hmti.ac.by 2: Luikov Heat & Mass Transfer Institute, P. Brovka, 15, 220072, Minsk, Belarus

Publication date: September 1, 2001

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