Semantic differences of suffixal alternates in Hungary
Author: Elekfi, L.
Source: Acta Linguistica Hungarica, Volume 47, Numbers 1-3, 2000 , pp. 144-177(34)
Abstract:Some of the inflectional paradigms of the Hungarian lexicon contain suffixal alternates which do not vary freely with each other, but certain inflected forms are connected to specific senses of the lexical item. Among verbal suffxes the -ik suffix marking the third person singular form of the present tense indicative behaves in this way, which on certain verbs can simultaneously signal intransitivity, while the alternate for with the zero suffix is transitive. On other verbs, the choice between the bare -t and -Vtt forms of the past tense suffix (in 3rd person singular) can indicate sense differences. The inflectional paradigm of some verbs can even contain more than one instance of semantic distinction among alternates. A peculiar difference between the multiple plural forms of nouns derived from adjectives is based on whether the nominal meaning is an occasional one or the nominal lexeme has become completely independent. The same difference is reflected in the accusative form of these nouns, too. Different personal possessive suffixal forms of nouns can signal differences between the types of the possessive relation (real possession or part-whole relation), instead of differentiating senses of the basic form. The adverbial forms of adjectives with l, - An and - Ul suffixes can also indicate sense distinctions.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 1399 Budapest P. O. Box 701/518. Hungary
Publication date: January 1, 2000