A model for the evaluation of uncertainty in routine multi-element analysis
Author: Ruth, Thomas
Source: Accreditation and Quality Assurance, Volume 9, Number 6, June 2004 , pp. 349-354(6)
Abstract:A model for calculating uncertainty in routine multi-element analysis is described. The model is constructed according to the principles of GUM/EURACHEM. Control chart results are combined with other existing data and results from the actual measurement into a concentration-dependent estimate of combined standard uncertainty. Since possible sources of bias are included in the calculation, overall bias as estimated from the data is used only as a control to identify needs for modification of the model and/or the analytical procedure. For each individual sample, uncertainty can be calculated automatically based on two pre-calculated parameters together with measured concentration and instrumental standard deviation. As an example, the model is demonstrated for inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) analysis of sewage sludge including laboratory sub-sampling, sample preparation, and instrumental determination.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2004-06-01