Low levels of genetic variation in mtDNA sequences over the western Mediterranean and Atlantic range of the sponge Crambe crambe (Poecilosclerida)
Source: Marine Biology, Volume 144, Number 1, January 2004 , pp. 31-35(5)
Abstract:Crambe crambe is a common encrusting sponge found in the Mediterranean and Atlantic littoral. An analysis of a partial sequence (535 bp) of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) gene cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) was conducted in an attempt to determine population structure in this species. This is the first study of population genetics using this kind of marker in the phylum. Samples (N=86) were taken in eight populations separated by distances from 20 to 3,000 km, spanning from the western Mediterranean to the Atlantic. Low variability of this gene was found, as only two haplotypes were identified, along with low nucleotide diversity (=0.0006). However, the different frequencies found among populations revealed genetic structure and low gene flow between close populations, as expected from the dispersal biology of the species. The low variability found in sponges is in agreement with reports on cnidarians and points to a high conservation of mtDNA in diploblastic phyla.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Animal Biology (Invertebrates), University of Barcelona, 645 Diagonal Avenue, 08028, Barcelona, Spain, Email: Sandra@bio.ub.es 2: Department of Genetics, University of Barcelona, 645 Diagonal Avenue, 08028, Barcelona, Spain, 3: Department of Animal Biology (Invertebrates), University of Barcelona, 645 Diagonal Avenue, 08028, Barcelona, Spain,
Publication date: January 1, 2004