Pre-evaluation on surface profile in turning process based on cutting parameters

Authors: Lu, Chen1; Ma, Ning2; Chen, Zhuo2; Costes, Jean-Philippe3

Source: The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Volume 49, Numbers 5-8, July 2010 , pp. 447-458(12)

Publisher: Springer

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Traditional online or in-process surface profile (quality) evaluation (prediction) needs to integrate cutting parameters and several in-process factors (vibration, machine dynamics, tool wear, etc.) for high accuracy. However, it might result in high measuring cost and complexity, and moreover, the surface profile (quality) evaluation result can only be obtained after machining process. In this paper, an approach for surface profile pre-evaluation (prediction) in turning process using cutting parameters and radial basis function (RBF) neural networks is presented. The aim was to only use three cutting parameters to predict surface profile before machining process for a fast pre-evaluation on surface quality under different cutting parameters. The input parameters of RBF networks are cutting speed, depth of cut, and feed rate. The output parameters are FFT vector of surface profile as prediction (pre-evaluation) result. The RBF networks are trained with adaptive optimal training parameters related to cutting parameters and predict surface profile using the corresponding optimal network topology for each new cutting condition. It was found that a very good performance of surface profile prediction, in terms of agreement with experimental data, can be achieved before machining process with high accuracy, low cost, and high speed. Furthermore, a new group of training and testing data was also used to analyze the influence of tool wear on prediction accuracy.

Keywords: RBF; Surface profile evaluation; Surface profile prediction; Turning

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Department of System Engineering of Engineering Technology, Beihang University, Beijing, 100191, People’s Republic of China, Email: 2: Department of System Engineering of Engineering Technology, Beihang University, Beijing, 100191, People’s Republic of China 3: LaBoMaP, Ensam Cluny, Rue Porte de Paris, 71250, Cluny, France

Publication date: July 1, 2010

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