Fractal roughness structures of precision-machined WC-Co- and Inconel 625-coated steel rods
Authors: Zhong, Z.; Peng, Z.
Source: The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Volume 33, Numbers 9-10, July 2007 , pp. 885-890(6)
Abstract:Thermally sprayed WC-Co coatings on steel rods were machined by grinding and turning using diamond tools, and thermally sprayed Inconel 625 coatings on steel rods were machined by turning using various WC tools. Four of these samples were selected for surface characterization using a stylus roughness tester. The results show that precision-machined WC-Co and Inconel-625 surfaces can be identified as self-affine fractals in the stochastic sense within the correlation length. The root-mean-square roughness (R q ) depends on the scale of cut-off length (=sampling length in this paper) as a power law. The R q of the machined WC-Co surface was found to be dependent on the scale of cut-off length rather than the scale of evaluation length. The roughness exponent is a very useful parameter and can be used to predict the roughness value of the surfaces at any scale length, if the scale is within the correlation length and provided that one such value of a scale is known. It may be suitable to compare surfaces using roughness exponents, even if different cut-off lengths or scanning scales are used in the measurements to obtain roughness exponents.
Document Type: Research Article
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Publication date: July 2007