Workflow balancing strategies in parallel machine scheduling
Source: The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Volume 23, Numbers 5-6, March 2004 , pp. 366-374(9)
Abstract:Workflow balancing on a shop floor helps to remove bottlenecks present in the manufacturing system. Workflow refers to the total time during which the work centres are busy. Idle time is not taken into account when calculating workflow. Earlier researchers have not specified the method for jobs to be executed in parallel in order to balance the workflow to each machine. In many manufacturing environments, multiple processing stations are used in parallel to obtain adequate capacity. In parallel machine scheduling there are m machines to which n jobs are to be assigned based on different priority strategies. The procedure is based on the idea of workload balancing and on balancing the workload among machines. In this paper, workflow and workload are assumed to have the same meaning. A machine with the lowest workflow is selected for assignment of a new job from the list of unfinished jobs. Different priority strategies are followed for the selection of jobs. Three different strategies are considered, namely random (RANDOM), shortest processing time (SPT) and longest processing time (LPT) for the selection of jobs for workflow balancing. The relative percentage of imbalance (RPI) is adopted among the parallel machines to evaluate the performance of these strategies in a standard manufacturing environment. The LPT rule shows better performance for the combination of larger job sizes and higher number of work centres or machines. A computer program was coded for validation in a standard manufacturing environment on an IBM/PC compatible system in the C++ language.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sri Ramakrishna Mission Vidyalaya Polytechnic College, 641 020, Coimbatore, India, Email: rajakumar6@yahoo. com 2: Department of Mechanical Engineering, Government College of Technology, 641 013, Coimbatore, India, 3: Department of Mechanical Engineering, Coimbatore Institute of Technology, 641 014, Coimbatore, India, Email: email@example.com
Publication date: 2004-03-01