Differential effects of nebivolol and atenolol on transmitral diastolic filling parameters in patients with essential hypertension
Source: Advances in Therapy, Volume 25, Number 6, June 2008 , pp. 619-626(8)
Abstract:Impaired left ventricular (LV) diastolic relaxation, detected by pulsed Doppler echocardiography, is predictive of a higher incidence of major cardiovascular events in hypertensive patients. An improvement in LV diastolic function is an important goal of treatment. However, treatment of LV diastolic dysfunction remains empirical. The objective of our study was to compare the short-term effects of nebivolol and atenolol on Doppler diastolic filling parameters in hypertensive patients.
A total of 32 patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension were enrolled in the study. The patients were randomly assigned to receive treatment with either nebivolol (5 mg/day) or atenolol (50 mg/day) for 1 month. Diastolic filling parameters, with pulsed-wave Doppler transmitral flow velocities, were measured 1 day before and 1 month after treatment.
Compared with baseline, both agents significantly decreased heart rate and blood pressure. However, there was no significant difference in pre-and post-treatment values between the nebivolol and atenolol groups. Both drugs significantly improved LV transmitral flow measured by early diastolic flow/atrial contraction signal (E/A) ratio, decreased deceleration time (DT) and isovolumetric contraction time (IVRT), but post-treatment improvement in E/A, DT and IVRT values was more significant with nebivolol compared with atenolol (P=0.05, P=0.05 and P=0.003, respectively).
Although treatment with nebivolol or atenolol results in improved LV transmitral diastolic function filling parameters (E/A ratio, IVRT and DT), nebivolol has a greater effect compared with atenolol in patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Cardiology Department, Yuzunci Yil University, Faculty of Medicine, Van, Turkey, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org 2: Cardiology Department, Yuzunci Yil University, Faculty of Medicine, Van, Turkey 3: Cardiology Department, Fatih University, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
Publication date: June 1, 2008