Efficient and equitable forest rent capture in three pacific island nations: Opportunities and impediments in forest policy reform
Author: Hunt, Colin
Source: Small-scale Forestry, Volume 1, Number 1, August 2002 , pp. 39-53(15)
Abstract:Various contrasts may be observed in the way three Pacific island countries — Papua New Guinea (PNG), Solomon Islands and Vanuatu — exploit their natural forest endowments. The modes of exploitation, the efficiency of forest revenue systems and the sustainability of forest allocation mechanisms are analysed. It is argued that equity issues are also important in forest policy given that forests in all three countries are under customary tenure. The forest revenue system in PNG is criticised for being inefficient and inequitable. In the Solomons the rate of logging is found to be unsustainable, being linked to the country’s economic crisis. In Vanuatu a logging ban has stimulated timber processing, but probably at a cost to the economy, and has failed to confer sustainability on the industry. Changes to forest revenue systems and forest allocation procedures that would enhance efficiency, equity, sustainability and conservation are identified, along with impediments to these changes.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: August 1, 2002