Transient and stable transformation of wheat with DNA preparations delivered by a biolistic method
Authors: Dobrzańska, Marta; Krysiak, Cezary; Kraszewska, Elżbieta
Source: Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, Volume 19, Number 3, September 1997 , pp. 277-284(8)
Abstract:An optimized procedure for transformation of wheat with the use of a Biolistic Particle Delivery System PDS 1000/He to deliver foreign DNA is described in detail. The bacterial uidA and bar genes (both driven by plant promoters) were utilized as the reporter and selectable marker genes, respectively. Moderately high gas pressure appeared to be most important to achieve the highest level of transient GUS expression in target tissues. There was, however, no apparent correlation between transient and stable GUS expression. The presence of telomeric DNA sequences in an uidA gene-containing vector did not influence transient GUS expression but, apparently, prevented its stable expression. Mechanical lesions caused by the bombardment (tungsten particles) seemed to be less severe when embryo- derived calli, instead of freshly excised immature embryos, were used as the target tissue. The limited ability of callus cells for regeneration, together with a restricted number of cells that receive the foreign DNA by particle bombardment, result in a low efficiency of wheat stable transformation.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 1997-09-01