Internet Gambling, Health, Smoking and Alcohol Use: Findings from the 2007 British Gambling Prevalence Survey

Authors: Griffiths, Mark1; Wardle, Heather2; Orford, Jim3; Sproston, Kerry2; Erens, Bob2

Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, Volume 9, Number 1, February 2011 , pp. 1-11(11)

Publisher: Springer

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Abstract:

This study provides analysis of a representative national sample of Internet gamblers. Using participant data from the 2007 British Gambling Prevalence Survey (n = 9003 adults aged 16¬†years and over), all participants who had gambled online, bet online, and/or who had used a betting exchange in the last 12¬†months (6% of the total sample) were compared with all other gamblers who had not gambled via the Internet (62% of the sample). Results showed that Internet gambling and non-Internet gambling had a significant association with smoking (nicotine) and drinking (alcohol). Self-reported general health status was not significantly associated with Internet gambling but was significantly associated with offline gambling. Analysis of DSM-IV scores showed that problem gambling prevalence rate was significantly higher among Internet gamblers than non-Internet gamblers (5% versus 0.5%) and that Internet gamblers were significantly more likely to endorse individual DSM-IV items compared to non-Internet gamblers.

Keywords: Addiction; Alcohol use; Cigarette smoking; Gambling; Health; Internet gambling; Online gambling

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11469-009-9246-9

Affiliations: 1: International Gaming Research Unit, Division of Psychology, Nottingham Trent University, Burton Street, Nottingham, NG1 4BU, UK, Email: mark.griffiths@ntu.ac.uk 2: National Centre for Social Research (NatCen), London, UK 3: School of Psychology, The University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK

Publication date: February 1, 2011

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