Searching efficient plans for emergency rescue through simulation: the case of a metro fire
Source: Cognition, Technology & Work, Volume 6, Number 2, May 2004 , pp. 117-126(10)
Abstract:In this paper we present the way we modelled and simulated a metro system in the case of a tunnel fire, and discuss the ways this simulation may support the search for efficient rescue plans. The metro system was modelled as a complex adaptive system, comprising four interacting and co-evolving subsystems: (i) the fire and the released smoke, (ii) the group of passengers, (iii) the technological system, and (iv) the metro personnel. Based on this model, an agent-based simulation was developed. This simulation provides an appropriate dynamic representation of the designer’s problem space, enabling him (i) to apprehend the critical dependencies and invariants of the system under consideration, (ii) to identify the features that should characterise the designed emergency rescue plans, and (iii) to assess their efficiency. To demonstrate the usefulness of the adopted approach for the design of an efficient emergency rescue plan, the results of two experiments exploring alternative sequences of the metro personnel’s actions under different circumstances are presented.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: School of Mechanical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Heroon Polytechniou 9, 15780, Zografou, Greece, 2: School of Mechanical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Heroon Polytechniou 9, 15780, Zografou, Greece, Email: email@example.com
Publication date: May 1, 2004