Late-onset deep mesh infection after inguinal hernia repair
Authors: Delikoukos, S.; Tzovaras, G.; Liakou, P.; Mantzos, F.; Hatzitheofilou, C.
Source: Hernia, Volume 11, Number 1, February 2007 , pp. 15-17(3)
Abstract:Groin sepsis requiring mesh removal is said to be a rare complication of tension-free inguinal hernioplasty. Furthermore, late-onset deep-seated prosthetic infection seems to be an unexpected complication. The aim of this study was to report our experience on late mesh infection occurring years after open hernia repair.
Between 1998 and 2005, 1,452 patients (954 men), median age 64 years (range 19–89) underwent groin hernioplasty using a tension-free polypropylene mesh technique. Five patients (0.35%) appeared with late mesh infection (between 2 and 4.5 years postoperatively). The patients’ records were retrospectively reviewed for the purpose of this study. Antibiotic prophylaxis had been given in the five patients, while none of them had a prior history of wound infection.
The patients were re-operated and the meshes were removed. Pus was found in three patients and Staphylococcus aureus was isolated in one. There was no hernia recurrence and none of the patients had chronic groin pain for a period of 6–44 months postoperatively.
From the results of this study, it appears that late-onset deep-seated prosthetic mesh infection is an important complication which has been rarely reported upon. Its true incidence is yet to be established. Late graft infection does not seem to correlate to neither the administration or not of antibiotic prophylaxis, nor to the presence or not of previous superficial wound infection. Furthermore, graft infection does not seem to correlate to neither the type of mesh inserted, nor to the fixation material. With the increasing use of synthetic materials for primary and recurrent hernia repair, the number of patients presenting with late mesh infections is likely to increase.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date: February 2007