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Comparing Mental Health Diagnoses: Changes in Mood and Self-esteem Following a Single Bout of Exercise

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Aim: To explore the effect of a single bout of exercise on mood and self-esteem in individuals with a clinical mental health diagnosis.

Methods: Participants (n = 212) with a range of clinical mental health diagnoses completed a questionnaire assessing mood (profile of mood states) and self-esteem (Rosenberg self-esteem scale) before and after a forty-five-minute group exercise session of moderate intensity (selfreported).

Results: Significant improvements in all mood subscales and selfesteem were noted overall, and within each mental health diagnoses. Post-hoc analysis suggests that scores on all mood subscales improved equally regardless of diagnosis except for confusion and anxioustension. However, within these two subscales all scores improved significantly with those diagnosed with bipolar or schizophrenia improving more so.

Conclusions: A single bout of exercise appears sufficient to improve mood and self-esteem across a range of mental health diagnoses. This adds further support for the use of exercise as an adjunct therapy for individuals with mental ill-heath.
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Keywords: BOUT; EXERCISE; MOOD; PHYSICAL ACTIVITY; PSYCHOLOGICAL OUTCOMES; QUALITATIVE; SINGLE

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2014-06-01

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  • The Journal of Psychological Therapies in Primary Care aims to disseminate articles and new developments in the following broad areas:
    1) Counselling/psychotherapy and other models of clinical work e.g. art therapy
    2) Evaluation and outcome studies
    3) Politics, policy and debate
    4) Commissioning and purchasing developments
    5) Collaboration between general practice and all forms of psychotherapy work in Primary Care
    6) Student (Trainee Counsellors, Psychological Therapists and General Practice Registrars) experiences.

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