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The value of ultrasound in the prediction of successful induction of labor

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Abstract:

Objectives

To examine the value of pre‐induction sonographic assessment of cervical length, posterior cervical angle and occipital position in the prediction of the induction‐to‐delivery interval within 24 h, the likelihood of vaginal delivery within 24 h, the likelihood of Cesarean section and to compare sonographic assessment with the Bishop score.

Methods

In 604 singleton pregnancies, induction of labor was carried out at 35–42 weeks of gestation. Immediately before induction, transvaginal sonography was performed for measurement of cervical length and posterior cervical angle and a transabdominal scan was carried out to determine the position of the fetal occiput. The value of occipital position, posterior cervical angle, cervical length, parity, gestational age, maternal age, and body mass index (BMI) on the induction‐to‐delivery interval within 24 h, the likelihood of vaginal delivery within 24 h and the likelihood of Cesarean section were investigated by Cox proportional hazard model or logistic regression analysis.

Results

Vaginal delivery occurred in 484 (80.1%) women and this was within 24 h of induction in 388 (64.2%). Cesarean section was performed in 120 (19.9%). Occiput‐anterior (OA) and transverse (OT) positions were analyzed as one group as the odds ratios (OR) and the HR were similar and different from occiput‐posterior (OP), which was analyzed as another group. Prediction of the induction‐to‐delivery interval was provided by the occipital position, pre‐induction cervical length, parity and posterior cervical angle. Prediction of the likelihood of vaginal delivery within 24 h was provided by the occipital position, cervical length, posterior cervical angle and BMI. Prediction of the likelihood of Cesarean section was provided by the occipital position, cervical length, parity, maternal age and BMI. In the prediction of vaginal delivery within 24 h, for a specificity of 75%, the sensitivity for ultrasound findings was 89% and for the Bishop score it was 65%. The respective sensitivities for Cesarean section were 78% and 53%.

Conclusion

In women undergoing induction of labor, significant independent prediction of the induction‐to‐delivery interval within 24 h, the likelihood of vaginal delivery within 24 h and the likelihood of Cesarean section are provided by pre‐induction cervical length, occipital position, posterior cervical angle and maternal characteristics. Sonographic parameters were superior to the Bishop score in the prediction of the outcome of induction. Copyright © 2004 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Keywords: body mass index; cervical length; gestational age; induction of labor; maternal age; occipital position; parity; posterior cervical angle; ultrasound

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/uog.1100

Affiliations: 1: Harris Birthright Research Centre for Fetal Medicine, King's College Hospital, London, UK 2: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, St. Mary's Hospital, Portsmouth, UK 3: Academic Research and Development Support Unit, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, UK

Publication date: October 1, 2004

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