Complementary effect of Phloxine B on the insecticidal efficacy of Isaria fumosorosea SFP‐198 wettable powder against greenhouse whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum West.
Abstract:BACKGROUND: Insecticidal activities of five photoactive dyes against greenhouse whitefly (GWF), Trialeurodes vaporariorum West., in tomatoes were investigated to improve the control efficacy of an entomopathogenic fungal product, Isaria fumosorosea SFP‐198 wettable powder (WP). Azorubine, Eosin B, Erythrosine, Brilliant Green and Phloxine B were used in this work, accompanying pyriproxyfen emulsifiable concentrate (EC) as a commercial standard for comparison.
RESULTS: Phloxine B had the highest control efficacy in glasshouse conditions. The most suitable dose of Phloxine B was determined as 0.005 g L−1, given the dosage‐dependent control efficacy and phytotoxicity of the dye, and its influence on the germination of SFP‐198 conidia. In field conditions, SFP‐198 WP + Phloxine B (2 + 0.005 g L−1; tank mix) showed 89.1 and 95.3% control efficacy 7 and 14 days post‐application, which was significantly higher than the efficacy of SFP‐198 WP alone (43.5 and 64.0%), Phloxine B (47.5 and 30.7%) or pyriproxyfen EC (67.7 and 80.2%).
CONCLUSION: Phloxine B cooperates with SFP‐198 WP complementarily, possibly in the order of killing action (early: Phloxine B; late: SFP‐198 WP). The dye can be incorporated into SFP‐198 WP to improve its efficacy and applied to other Hypocrelean entomopathogenic fungal products. Copyright © 2010 Society of Chemical Industry
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2010-12-01
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