Skip to main content

Toxicity of δ‐phenothrin and resmethrin to non‐target insects

The full text article is not available for purchase.

The publisher only permits individual articles to be downloaded by subscribers.

BACKGROUND: The susceptibility of adult house cricket, Acheta domesticus (L.), adult convergent lady beetle, Hippodamia convergens (Guérin‐Méneville), and larval fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (JE Smith), to resmethrin and δ‐phenothrin synergized with piperonyl butoxide (PBO) was evaluated in a laboratory bioassay procedure.

RESULTS: The 1 day LC50 values for resmethrin + PBO were 23.2, 32.08 and 307.18 ng cm−2 for A. domesticus, H. convergens and S. frugiperda respectively. The 1 day LC50 values for δ‐phenothrin + PBO were 26.9, 74.91 and 228.57 ng cm−2 for A. domesticus, H. convergens and S. frugiperda respectively. The regression relationship between species mortality and concentration explained 51–81% of the variation for resmethrin + PBO and 72–97% of the variation for δ‐phenothrin + PBO. The LC50 values decreased with time for these insecticides for all surrogate species. In terms of sensitivities among the insects to resmethrin + PBO and δ‐phenothrin + PBO, A. domesticus was most sensitive, followed by H. convergens and then S. frugiperda.

CONCLUSION: The results indicate that resmethrin + PBO was generally more toxic than δ‐phenothrin + PBO. Based on the results, A. domesticus seems to be a good surrogate species for estimating potential non‐target terrestrial insect impacts from exposure to pyrethroids used in public health applications. Copyright © 2008 Society of Chemical Industry
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: Acheta domesticus; Hippodamia convergens; Spodoptera frugiperda; convergent lady beetle; ecotoxicology; fall armyworm; house cricket; insecticide toxicity; risk assessment

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 March 2009

More about this publication?
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more