Larvicidal activity against Plutella xylostella of cordycepin from the fruiting body of Cordyceps militaris

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Abstract:

The insecticidal activities of methanol extracts of Cordyceps militaris Link (Ascomycotina: Clavicipitaceae) cultured on fresh pupae of Bombyx mori L against 3rd-instar larvae of Plutella xylostella L were examined using direct contact application. The larvicidal activity was more pronounced in an extract of C militaris fruiting body than in an extract of the pupae separated from the culture. The biologically active constituent of the Cordyceps fruiting body was characterized as cordycepin (3′-deoxyadenosine) by spectroscopic analysis. Responses varied according to dose, exposure time and application method. In a leaf-dipping test, cordycepin at 500 mg litre-1 caused no mortality at 1 DAT (day after treatment) but 78 and 100% mortality at 2 and 4 DAT, respectively, whereas 34 and 88% mortality at 3 and 5 DAT, respectively was observed at 300 mg litre-1. Cordycepin caused body colour change from pale green to dark brown and eventually body lysis. These results suggested that the larvicidal action may be attributable to a direct effect rather than an inhibitory action on chitin synthesis. There was a significant difference in insecticidal activity of cordycepin between leaf dipping (500 mg litre-1) with 100% mortality and topical application (10 µg per larva) with 0% mortality, suggesting that cordycepin has stomach action. Cordycepin merits further study as a potential P xylostella control agent or as a lead compound.

© 2002 Society of Chemical Industry

Keywords: 3-deoxyadenosine; Cordyceps militaris; Plutella xylostella; cordycepin; natural insecticide

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ps.508

Affiliations: School of Agricultural Biotechnology and Research Center for New Bio-Materials in Agriculture, Seoul National University, Suwon 441-744, Republic of Korea

Publication date: July 1, 2002

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