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Suspension polymerization of aniline hydrochloride in non‐aqueous media

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The oxidation of aniline hydrochloride by ammonium peroxydisulfate in non‐aqueous media was studied, when the monomer or oxidant or both were not completely soluble. Polyaniline was formed in acetone, methanol and toluene. Aniline oligomers only were produced in chloroform and n‐butylacetate. No interaction of the monomer and the oxidant was observed in dimethylsulfoxide and N‐methylpyrrolidone. UV‐visible and Fourier transform infrared spectra were recorded in order to study the molecular structure of the final products. Conductivity was measured for conducting protonated forms and corresponding bases. An explanation of aniline hydrochloride oxidation in various organic media is offered. Copyright © 2011 Society of Chemical Industry

Keywords: conducting polymer; non‐aqueous media; polyaniline; suspension polymerization

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: May 1, 2011

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