Evaluation of heat treatment regimes and their influences on the properties of powder‐printed high‐density polyethylene bone implant
A two‐step heat treatment was utilized as a means to improve the mechanical properties of a high‐density polyethylene structure which was fabricated using the three‐dimensional printing technique. It was found that the relationship between structure and properties was strongly influenced by heat treatment conditions including treatment times (15–60 min) and treatment temperatures (140–180 °C) of both primary and secondary steps. The use of primary heating at 180 °C for 15 min and secondary heating at 160 °C for 60 min resulted in the highest tensile modulus and strength, 0.7 GPa and 14.8 MPa, respectively. The changes in both shrinkage and tensile properties were governed by the level of residual porosity and quality of polyethylene interface in samples which were both influenced by the degree of thermally induced densification and binder degradation. Empirical correlations between porosity and shrinkage or tensile properties were found to be power functions. Copyright © 2010 Society of Chemical Industry
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2011-05-01
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