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Morphology control of polyoxy‐methylene/thermoplastic polyurethane blends by adjusting their viscosity ratio

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Polyoxymethylene (POM) is an important plastic with very good properties. However, its poor impact strength limits its applications. Theoretical and experimental studies have confirmed that thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) can effectively enhance the notched impact strength of POM. This paper reports that the notched impact strength of POM/TPU blends can be further improved when these blends are endowed with a fine morphology by changing the viscosity ratio of TPU to POM (P = ηTPUPOM) during processing. The experimental results show that the viscosity of TPU is more sensitive to temperature than that of POM, and that the viscosity ratio P decreases with increasing temperature; also for quite a wide range of shear rate, P is close to 1 when the processing temperature (T p) is around 190 °C. Accordingly, the phase structure of POM/TPU blends changes with P. The dispersed phase of TPU shows ellipsoidal morphology when P > 1 at T p < 190 °C, filamental morphology when P ≈ 1 at T p ≈ 190 °C and spheroidal morphology when P < 1 at T p > 190 °C. The results suggest that the filamental morphology endows POM/TPU (90/10) blends with the highest notched impact strength (∼14 kJ m−2). Copyright © 2006 Society of Chemical Industry
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Keywords: morphology; polyoxymethylene; thermoplastic polyurethane; viscosity ratio

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 September 2006

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