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Bi‐axial self‐reinforcement of high‐density polyethylene induced by high‐molecular weight polyethylene through dynamic packing injection molding

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Previously, bi‐axial self‐reinforcement of high‐density polyethylene (HDPE) was achieved through a uni‐axial shear stress field introduced by dynamic packing injection molding technology. Here, further improvement of tensile strength along the flow direction (MD) was achieved by blending a small amount of high‐molecular‐weight polyethylene (HMWPE) with HDPE, while the tensile strength along the transverse direction (TD) still substantially exceeded that of conventional moldings. Tensile strengths in both flow and transverse directions were considerably enhanced, with improvements from 23 MPa to 76 MPa in MD and from 23 MPa to 31 MPa in TD. The effect of HMWPE content and molding parameters on tensile properties was also investigated. The tensile strength along MD was highly dependent on HMWPE content, oscillating cycle, mold temperature, melt temperature and packing pressure, while that along TD was insensitive to composition and processing parameters within the selected design space. According to the stress–strain curves, samples with HMWPE produced by dynamic packing injection molding had a special tensile failure mode in MD, different from both typical plastic and brittle failure modes. There were no yielding and necking phenomena, which are characteristic during tensile testing of plastic materials, but there was still a considerably higher elongation compared to those of brittle materials. However, in TD, all dynamic injection molding samples exhibited plastic failure as did typical conventional injection molding samples. Copyright © 2006 Society of Chemical Industry
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Keywords: bi‐axial reinforcement; dynamic packing; injection molding; mechanical properties; polyethylene (PE)

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 September 2006

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