Ligand‐field splitting of the energy levels of Nd3+ (4f3) in 2‐hydroxyethyl methacrylate polymer (HEMA)

Authors: Gruber, John B; Sardar, Dhiraj K; Johnson, Dave; Yow, Raylon M; Coeckelenbergh, Cody H; Nijjar, Anmol S

Source: Polymer International, Volume 55, Number 9, September 2006 , pp. 1007-1012(6)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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Detailed absorption spectra of trivalent neodymium (Nd3+) in 2‐hydroxyethyl methacrylate polymer (HEMA) are reported at cryogenic temperatures and at wavelengths between 440 and 900 nm. The Nd3+ spectra are confirmed by comparison with spectra of HEMA samples prepared without inclusion of the rare earth ion. The structure observed on the absorption bands can be interpreted in terms of the ligand‐field (crystal‐field) splitting of the energy levels of Nd3+ (4f3) for multiplet manifolds, 4F3/2, 4F5/2, 2H9/2, 4F7/2, 4S3/2, 4F9/2, 2H11/2, 4G5/2, 2G7/2, 4G7/2, and 2K13/2. The Nd3+ ions are complexed as species made up of nitrate anions and H2O molecules that come from the neodymium nitrate hydrate salt used in the preparation of the doped HEMA sample. The local symmetry of the Nd3+ ion in HEMA is very low (possibly CS), and a number of different environments are likely for the neodymium species in the HEMA structure. We have calculated the ligand‐field splitting of the Nd3+ energy levels using a point charge/dipole model for one such possible species, Nd(NO3)3 · xH2O (x = 5–6). The results of the model give an agreement of 10 cm−1 (rms) between 43 observed‐to‐calculated ligand‐field (Stark) levels. Comparisons between these same calculated levels and observed levels obtained for Nd3+ in crystalline hydrated nitrate salts and certain Nd3+‐doped glasses also give good agreement and support a better understanding of the environment of Nd3+ in a polymeric structure. Copyright © 2006 Society of Chemical Industry

Keywords: absorption spectra; ligand field; polymer; rare earth

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: September 1, 2006

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