Synthesis of polyacrylonitrile via reverse atom transfer radial polymerization (ATRP) initiated by diethyl 2,3‐dicyano‐2,3‐diphenylsuccinate, FeCl3, and triphenylphosphine

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Abstract:

The reverse atom transfer radical polymerization (RATRP) technique using FeCl3/triphenyl‐phosphine (PPh3) complex as a catalyst was applied to the living radical polymerization of acrylonitrile (AN). A hexa‐substituted ethane thermal iniferter, diethyl 2,3‐dicyano‐2,3‐diphenylsuccinate (DCDPS), was first used as the initiator in this iron‐based RATRP initiation system. A FeCl3 to PPh3 ratio of 1:3 not only gives the best control of molecular weight and its distribution but also provides a rather rapid reaction rate. The rate of polymerization increases with increasing the polymerization temperature and the apparent activation energy was calculated to be 54.9 kJ mol−1. Because the polymers obtained were end‐functionalized by chlorine atoms, they were used as macro‐initiators to proceed the chain extension polymerization in the presence of an FeCl2/PPh3 catalyst system via a conventional ATRP process. Copyright © 2005 Society of Chemical Industry
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