Morphology profiles obtained by reaction‐induced phase separation in epoxy/polysulfone/poly(ether imide) systems

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Abstract:

The reaction‐induced phase separation in epoxy/aromatic diamine formulations simultaneously modified with two immiscible thermoplastics (TPs), poly(ether imide) (PEI) and polysulfone (PSF), has been studied. The epoxy monomer was based on the diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A (DGEBA) and the aromatic diamine was 4,4′‐methylenebis(3‐chloro 2,6‐diethylaniline) (MCDEA). Phase‐separation conversions are reported for various PSF/PEI proportions for blends containing 10 wt% total TP. On the basis of phase‐separation results, a conversion–composition phase diagram at 200 °C was compiled. This diagram was used to design particular cure cycles in order to generate different morphologies during the phase‐separation process. It was found that, depending on the PSF/PEI ratio employed, a particulate or a morphology characterized by a distribution of irregular PEI‐rich domains dispersed in an epoxy‐rich phase was obtained for initially miscible blends. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) characterization revealed that the PEI‐rich phase exhibits a phase‐inverted structure and the epoxy‐rich matrix presents a bimodal size distribution of TP‐rich particles. For PSF/PEI ratios near the miscibility limit, slight temperature change result in morphology profiles. Copyright © 2005 Society of Chemical Industry

Keywords: morphology profiles; poly(ether imide); polysulfone; reaction‐induced phase separation

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pi.1786

Affiliations: 1: Institute of Materials Science and Technology (INTEMA), University of Mar del Plata and National Research Council (CONICET), JB Justo 4302, 7600 Mar del Plata, Argentina 2: ‘Materials + Technologies’ Group, Escuela Ingeniería Técnica Industrial, Universidad País Vasco/Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea, Avda Felipe IV, 1 B 20011 San Sebastián—Donostia, Spain

Publication date: June 1, 2005

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