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Polymerization of propylene using MgCl2 (ethoxide type)/TiCl4/diether heterogeneous Ziegler–Natta catalyst

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Heterogeneous Ziegler–Natta catalyst of MgCl2 (ethoxide type)/TiCl4/diether was prepared. 2,2‐Diisobutyl‐1,3‐dimethoxy propane (DiBDMP), diether, was used as internal donor. Slurry polymerization of propylene was carried out using the catalyst in dry heptane while triethylaluminium (TEA) was used as co‐catalyst. The co‐catalyst effects, such as catalyst molar ratio, polymerization temperature, H2 pressure, external donor, triisobutylaluminium (TiBA) and monomer pressure, on the activity of the catalyst and isotacticity index (II) of the polymers obtained were studied. Rate of polymerization versus polymerization time is of a decay type with no acceleration period. There are an optimum Al/Ti molar ratio and temperature to obtain the highest activity of the catalyst. The maximum activity was obtained at 60 °C. Increasing the monomer pressure to 1 010 000 Pa linearly increased the activity of the catalyst. Addition of hydrogen to 151 500 Pa pressure increased activity of the catalyst from 2.25 to 5.45 kg polypropylene (PP) (g cat)−1 h−1 using 505 000 Pa pressure of monomer. The II decreased with increasing Al/Ti ratio, monomer pressure, hydrogen pressure and increased with increasing temperature to 60 °C, following with decrease as the temperature increases. Productivity of 11.55 kg (PP) (g cat)−1 h−1 was obtained at 1 010 000 Pa pressure of monomer and temperature of 60 °C. Addition of methyl p‐toluate (MPT) and dimethoxymethyl cyclohexyl silane (DMMCHS) as external donors decreased the activity of the catalyst sharply, while the II slightly increased. Some studies of the catalyst structure and morphology of the polymer were carried out using FTIR, X‐ray fluorescence, scanning electron microscopy and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller techniques. Copyright © 2005 Society of Chemical Industry
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Keywords: Ziegler–Natta catalyst; diether donor; polypropylene; slurry polymerization

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, PO Box 1436, Mashhad, Iran 2: Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran 3: Iran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute, PO Box 14965/115, Tehran, Iran

Publication date: 01 June 2005

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