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Comparison of the performances of different fermentation strategies on cell growth and bacteriocin production by Lactobacillus curvatus CWBI‐B28

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The dynamics of cell growth and bacteriocin production by Lactobacillus curvatus CWBI‐B28 in modified De Man/Rogosa/Sharp (mMRS) broth with various concentrations of glucose and complex nitrogen source (CNS; peptone, yeast extract and meat extract) was investigated in flask fermentations and in a laboratory fermentor using batch and fed‐batch cultivations. In fed‐batch fermentation the rate of feeding of the reactor with the substrates was either maintained constant (0.12 L h−1) or varied exponentially as a function of time. The results showed that both cell growth and bacteriocin activity were influenced by changes in the concentrations of glucose and CNS. Optimal growth and bacteriocin activity were obtained in mMRS broth containing 40 g L−1 glucose and 40 g L−1 CNS (mMRS40/40). A bacteriocin titre of 4266 AU mL−1 and a cell count of 8.7 log colony‐forming units (cfu) mL−1 were recorded when this medium was used for cultivation. In batch fermentation using the same medium, a higher cell count (9.5 log cfu mL−1) and twice as much bacteriocin as in flask fermentation were produced. The highest bacteriocin titre (8533 AU mL−1) was obtained with fed‐batch fermentation at an exponentially varying rate of feeding. Bacteriocin activity and cell dry mass did not always correlate. Copyright © 2007 Society of Chemical Industry
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Keywords: Lactobacillus curvatus; bacteriocin; batch; fed‐batch; feeding rate; fermentation

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2007-02-01

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