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Self‐injurious Behaviours

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Abstract:

Objective:

A considerable number of eating‐disordered patients also display all kinds of self‐injurious behaviours (SIB), which might be viewed as an indicator of psychopathological severity.

Method:

To test this hypothesis in 70 females admitted to a specialized treatment programme for eating disorders, a wide spectrum of psychopathological features was studied by means of self‐reporting questionnaires: clinical symptomatology, personality disorders, aggression regulation, trauma history, dissociation and body experience. A comparison was made between patients with (n = 27) and without SIB (n = 43), as well as between patients with one (n = 13) versus more types (n = 14) of SIB.

Results:

In general, patients with SIB reported significantly more complaints or signs of anxiety, depression, hostility, cluster B personality disorders, feelings of anger, traumatic experiences, dissociation and negative appreciation of body size. The presence of more than one type of SIB was linked to a more pronounced clinical symptomatology and trauma history. . Copyright © 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and Eating Disorders Association.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.510

Affiliations: Department of Psychology, Catholic University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium

Publication date: September 1, 2003

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