If you are experiencing problems downloading PDF or HTML fulltext, our helpdesk recommend clearing your browser cache and trying again. If you need help in clearing your cache, please click here . Still need help? Email help@ingentaconnect.com

Current Venues of Care and Related Costs for the Chronically Critically Ill

The full text article is not available for purchase.

The publisher only permits individual articles to be downloaded by subscribers.


The chronically critically ill (CCI) patient population is characterized by a prolonged need for high cost medical interventions, a high 1-year mortality rate, and a very high demand for post acute care services. The best characterized CCI patient population is patients on prolonged mechanical ventilation (PMV). This review will focus on the current knowledge of costs and care venues for the care of this patient population. The PMV population suffers from a prolonged length of acute care hospital stay, median hospital costs 3‐4 times the cost of short-term ventilator patients, frequent care venue changes during the course of illness, a small likelihood of discharge to the home environment, yet a hospital mortality that does not differ significantly from the short-term ventilated patient group. The PMV population is projected to double in size by the year 2020. Given the dramatic comparative acute care cost burden of PMV patients, the societal implications for managing both the care burden and the costs of care are staggering. Strategies to improve the efficiency in healthcare for this patient population will be essential. Limitations to the existing care models in the United States will be identified with a focus on our current research deficiencies, which limit healthcare providers and administrators in providing patient focused care for this patient population.

Keywords: chronically critically ill; long-term acute care; prolonged mechanical ventilation; step-down units

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.01656

Affiliations: Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, Critical Care Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA

Publication date: June 1, 2012

More about this publication?
Related content



Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more