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Percutaneous Dilational Tracheotomy for Airway Management in a Newborn With Pierre-Robin Syndrome and a Glossopharyngeal Web

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Abstract:

Pierre-Robin syndrome (PRS) is often associated with difficulty in endotracheal intubation. We present the use of percutaneous dilational tracheotomy (PDT) for airway management of a newborn with PRS and a glossopharyngeal web. A 2-day-old term newborn with PRS and severe obstructive dyspnea was evaluated by the anesthesiology team for airway management. A direct laryngoscopy revealed a glossopharyngeal web extending from the base of the tongue to the posterior pharyngeal wall. The infant was spontaneously breathing through a 2 mm diameter fistula in the center of this web. It was decided that endotracheal intubation was impossible, and a PDT was planned. The trachea of the newborn was cannulated, using a 20 gauge peripheral venous catheter and a 0.71 mm guide wire was introduced through this catheter. Using 5 French, 7 French, 9 French, and 11 French central venous catheter kit dilators, staged tracheotomy stoma dilation was performed. By inserting a size 3.0 tracheotomy cannula, PDT was successfully completed in this newborn. This case describes the successful use of PDT for emergency airway management of a newborn with PRS and glossopharyngeal web.

Keywords: difficult airway management; difficult endotracheal intubation; percutaneous tracheotomy

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.01404

Affiliations: Department of Anesthesiology, Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Publication date: April 1, 2012

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