Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Author: Cheifetz, Ira M

Source: Respiratory Care, Volume 56, Number 10, October 2011 , pp. 1589-1599(11)

Publisher: The Journal Respiratory Care Company

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The data available to guide clinical management of acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome are much more limited for infants and children than for adult patients. This paper reviews the available medical data and the pertinent physiology on the management of pediatric patients with acute lung injury. With the collaboration of multicenter investigation networks, definitive pediatric data may be on the horizon to better guide our clinical practice.

Keywords: ALI; ARDS; ECMO; PEEP; acute lung injury; acute respiratory distress syndrome; extracorporeal life support; gas exchange; high-frequency ventilation; lung protection; mechanical ventilation; nitric oxide; oxygenation; pediatric; surfactant; tidal volume; ventilation

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Division of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Pediatric Respiratory Care, and the Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Program, Duke Children’s Hospital, Durham, North Carolina, USA

Publication date: October 1, 2011

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