Respiratory Care Year in Review 2010: Part 1. Asthma, COPD, Pulmonary Function Testing, Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia

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The purpose of this paper is to review the recent literature related to asthma, COPD, pulmonary function testing, and ventilator-associated pneumonia. Topics covered related to asthma include genetics and epigenetics; exposures; viruses; diet, obesity and exercise; exhaled nitric oxide; and drug therapy ( agonists, macrolides, tiotropium and monteleukast). Topics covered related to COPD include childhood disadvantage factors and COPD; vitamin D deficiency and COPD; -blockers and COPD; corticosteroid therapy during COPD exacerbations; oxygen administration during pre-hospital transport of patients with COPD exacerbation; and prognosis of patients admitted to the hospital for COPD exacerbation. Topics related to pulmonary function testing include methods and techniques; predicted values; natural history, pulmonary function in health and disease; and the COPD controversy. Finally, the paper includes the following topics related to ventilator-associated pneumonia: the tube, the intubation route, and the cuff; mechanical ventilation; the bundle; and cost. These topics were chosen and reviewed in a manner that is most likely to have interest to the readers of Respiratory Care.

Keywords: COPD; asthma; corticosteroids; exhaled nitric oxide; oxygen therapy; pulmonary function testing; spirometry; ventilator-associated pneumonia; vitamin D;  agonist;  blocker

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Richmond, Virginia, USA

Publication date: April 1, 2011

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