Spirometry Quality-Control Strategies in a Multinational Study of the Prevalence of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

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Abstract:

We report the characteristics of a centralized spirometry quality-control program developed for a population-based survey of the prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in 5 cities: São Paulo, Brazil; México City, México; Montevideo, Uruguay; Santiago, Chile; and Caracas, Venezuela (the Latin American Project for the Investigation of Obstructive Lung Diseases [PLATINO]). METHODS: We developed and used a 3-level quality-control system. Level 1: The spirometer used in the survey (EasyOne), gives quality-control messages to the user/clinician. All the spirometry technicians were trained by the same team, with the aim of meeting what became the 2005 spirometry quality criteria of the American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society (ATS/ERS). Level 2: In each of the 5 cities a local supervisor identified poor-quality spirometries that needed to be repeated. Level 3: Once a week during the survey, all spirometry results were sent via e-mail to the study's quality-control center in México City for review and feedback. RESULTS: In the overall totals at the end of the study, 94% of the 5,315 subjects had spirometries that met the 1994 ATS quality criteria, and 89% met the 2005 ATS/ERS criteria. In their overall totals at the end of the study, 90% of the 64 spirometry technicians were successful in getting 86% of their subjects to meet the 1994 ATS criteria, and got 75% of their subjects to meet the 2005 ATS/ERS criteria. In the first 10 subjects they tested, 90% of the 64 spirometry technicians were successful in getting 70% of their subjects to meet the 1994 ATS criteria, and got 60% of their subjects to meet the 2005 ATS/ERS criteria. CONCLUSIONS: Standardization of equipment, training, and supervision of spirometry is essential in a multinational spirometry survey. Centralized quality control can be done via e-mail with good reliability and low cost.

Keywords: CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE; COPD; LATIN AMERICA; PULMONARY FUNCTION TESTS; QUALITY CONTROL; SPIROMETRY

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias, Tlalpan 4502, Distrito Federal, Ciudad de México, México 14080;, Email: perezpad@servidor.unam.mx 2: Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias, México City, México 3: Universidad de la Republica, Montevideo, Uruguay 4: Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil

Publication date: August 1, 2008

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