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Education and Social Stratification in the Soviet Union and Post-Soviet Russia: 1970s-1990s

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This article examines the role that education played in social mobility in the USSR during the 1970s and in the post-Soviet Russia during the 1990s. The aim is to comment critically on the nature of social mobility in the light of the education reforms and policy changes during the 1970s and the 1990s (Zajda, 2007). The overall discrepancy between social categories in the student body as a whole, and society at large reflected both social stratification and educational inequality.

Keywords: USSR; education reforms; social change; social mobility; social stratification

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Australian Catholic University

Publication date: January 1, 2008

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  • Political Crossroads is a bi-annual, international, refereed journal which, since 1990, publishes critical and empirical scholarship in political science and international relations. Its areas of focus include global security, terrorism, national identity, migration and citizenship, and the politics of resources and trade.

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