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Poverty and Social Insecurity in the Niger Delta: What Lessons Can be Learned from IFAD/UNDP Anti-Poverty Program?

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The article explores the implications of differing development strategies utilized in a region with enormous human and natural resources which suffers from grinding poverty. The causes of these conditions are identified and the competing impact of different development interventions for the social and economic progress of the Niger Delta are discussed. It is argued that reforms combined with the “commodification’ of participation underlines the blindness to the complex problems of grinding poverty, and the eroding human rights. The authors contend that through history, human rights, education, and health that are cornerstone of human development have been undermined in State initiatives, and none more so than in the Niger Delta Development Commission (NDDC) programs. The IFAD/UNDP (International Fund for Agricultural Development/United Nations Development Program) program that places poverty in the Niger Delta within a framework that helps policy makers and scholars move from explanations of poverty as a deficit in character to a more holistic understanding of its complexity.

Keywords: IFAD/UNDP; NDDC; Niger Delta; Nigeria; development; education; exclusion and marginalization; poverty

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Brigham Young University 2: World Environmental Movement for Africa (WEMFA) Abuja Nigeria

Publication date: 2006-01-01

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  • Political Crossroads is a bi-annual, international, refereed journal which, since 1990, publishes critical and empirical scholarship in political science and international relations. Its areas of focus include global security, terrorism, national identity, migration and citizenship, and the politics of resources and trade.
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