Alternative Approaches on Society, State, Educational Reform, and Educational Policy
Author: Espinoza, Oscar
Source: Education and Society, Volume 24, Number 3, 2006 , pp. 21-45(25)
Publisher: James Nicholas Publishers
Abstract:The main aim of this article is to describe and examine critically five issues that have been historically approached in a different way by critical theorists and functionalist researchers: a) the role of education and state in modern societies; b) the nature and goals of educational reform and its rhetoric; c) the reasons that would explain why some reforms become successful and why others fail; d) the concepts of policy, public policy and educational policy; and e) alternative trends in the process of development and implementation of educational policies. In order to see what elements and visions distinguish critical theory from the functionalist research tradition the article outlines initially the main assumptions guiding the critical and the functionalist tradition with particular emphasis to the former philosophical approach and then discusses the arguments and assumptions grounding both traditions in relation to the five subjects above mentioned.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Programa Interdisciplinario De Investigaciones En Educacion (Piie) Chile
Publication date: 2006
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